Proper timing is very important for achieveming the desired fruit. If the time is wrong then there may be failure in spite of best efforts from capable people. That’s why it is important to make sure that the time is right to do the work. Fortunately Vedic Jyotish deals with the topic of timing in great detail. The Electional branch of astrology (Muhurtha) can help you find the right time for any task.
Astrology not only helps the person in know his future but also in making it bright. A person can know the right time to perform his any work through Vedic Astrology. By analysing the Panchang and the planetary positions we can find out what time is lucky to do which work.
Muhurtha and Panchang
Vedic Jyotish divides time into five fundamental elements — together called the Panchang (five-parts). These five parts are: Vaar, Tithi, Nakshatra, Yoga and Karana. We can analyse the auspiciousness of time through panchang.
Vaar: Days of week
The first seven planets out of nine rule each day of the week respectively. For example, Sun rules Sunday, Moon rules Monday, Mars rules Tuesday, Mercury rules Wednesday, Jupiter rules Thursday, Venus rules Friday and Saturn rules Saturday. The last two planets Rahu and Ketu form a relationship with Tuesday and Saturday respectively. But one thing to be remembered here is that the day in the west start at the mid-night and in vedic jyotish it starts with the sunrise.
The work done in the day is influenced by the lord of the day and the person gets the results accordingly. For example-Moon is the kaarak (ruling factor) of intelligence and Jupiter of spiritual activities therefore the work done in their days comes in favor of the native.
The day is divided into units of time called the Muhurtha. Each Muhurtha can be analysed for auspiciousness based on the state of the panchang during it. In Vedic Jyotish the day is divided in three time-periods or Muhurthas:
- 1. Brahma Muhurtha
- 2. Abhijeet muhurtha
- 3. Nityapradosh Muhurtha
Brahma Muhurtha:The period of Brahma Muhurtha is 3-6 in the morning. You can perform any spiritual act during this Muhurtha.
Abhijeet Muhurtha: The period of Abhijeet muhurtha is 12 in the afternoon when Sun is in full force.
Nitya pradoshta Muhurtha: The period of Nityapradoshta Muhurtha is 1 1/2 hrs before sunset and 1/2 hr after sunset.
Sandhi-Kala (Junction Time)
The time-period between two Muhurthas is known as sandhi kaal (Junction time). The first period is when night meets day, second period when day meets noon and third when day meets night. The sandhi-kaal is favorable for worshipping.
Inauspicious periods of a day
There are some time-periods in the day which are inauspicious for the person. Like the period of Rahukaal and Yumgandam. Many scholars believe that the person should worship god and concentrate on spiritual activities to avoid the influence of inauspicious time-periods. This will help the person a lot and will be favorable for him.
The day is divided into 24 horas or 60 Nadis. In this way one Nadi lasts for approx. 24 minutes and 2 1/2 Nadis is for one hour which is known as Hora since ancient time.
Hora is also ruled by first seven planets out of nine like days and are influenced by their lords. Therefore in one day we get Sun hora, Moon hora, Mars hora, Mercury hora, Jupiter hora, Venus hora and Saturn hora.
The Sun Hora starts with the sunrise on Sunday and followed by Sun, Venus, Mercury, Moon, Saturn, Jupiter and Mars in the same order. For example- the sun rises at 6 a.m. in the morning and Sunday between 9-10 a.m. is Moon Hora and between 6-7 p.m. is Jupiter Hora.
The lunar month is the time-period between two Moon-rises and it is equivalent to 29.5 days. There are 30 tithis or Moon days in one lunar month.
There are 14 tithis between full Moon and new Moon in one month. 0 day is the New Moon and 15th day is the full Moon. The tithi-cycle starts on the New Moon and ends with Full Moon and then repeats from the full moon day to the new moon day completing one lunar month.
Names of Tithis
Amavasya, New Moon
- 1. first
- 2. second
- 3. third
- 4. fourth
- 5. fifth
- 6. sixth
- 7. seventh
- 8. eighth
- 9. ninth
- 11. eleventh
- 12. twelfth
- 13. thirteenth
- 14. fourteenth
- 15. full Moon
Each tithi has a spiritual quality, for example: New Moon is auspicious to worship for the peace of the ancestors’s soul, fourth is auspicious for the worship of god, fifth for the worship of the universal mother, sixth for the worship of kartikay, ninth for lord Rama, eleventh and twelfth for lord Vishnu, thirteenth for the worship of lord Shiva, fourteenth for Shiva and Ganesha while Full moon is auspicious for the activities related to all types of worship.
Moon completes one revolution around the earth in 27 days. During that time it create its own path in the sky. In the ancient time this path was divided into 27 equal parts called the Nakhsatras. Each Nakshatra is named after a star.
The Zodiac is also divided into 12 parts known as signs. Each sign is equal to 2.25 Nakshatras.
The 27 nakshatras are: ashwini, bharani, kritika, rohini, mrighshira, rudra, punarvasu, pushya, ashlesha, magha, purvafalgni, uttrafalguni, hast, chitra, swati, saka, anuradha, jeyshtha, mool, purvaveshadha, uttrashada, ghanishtha, sathabishkha, purvabaroshtapadha, raivati. Abhijeet is the 28th nakshatras which is used for the purpose of Muhurtha.
Apart from being divided into 30 tithis, the lunar month is also divided into two pakshas. The tithis between New Moon and full Moon fall in the Shukla Paksha and the ones between full Moon and new Moon ine the Krishna Paksha. The spiritual qualities of both these pakshas are different.
Shukla paksha is auspicious to start working on a new project and for the expansion of business. Krishna paksha should not be considered for any major surgery.
Solar Month is the time taken by Sun to cross one sign. The period of this transit is 30 days as sun moves approximately one degree each day. It takes 12 months to cross all 360 degrees, hence there are 12 solar months in all. The solar Month has its own importance and is considered for important works like marriage, enagement, etc.
Ayan is the half of one year according to the position of Sun:
- 1. Uttrayan
- 2. Dakshinayan
Uttrayan: When Sun is located in the north direction it is called Uttrayan. The period from half of January to half of July is the period when Sun is in north.
Dakshiyan: Sun is located in the south direction from half of July to half of January, this period is called Dakshinayan.
Sun completes its transit through the zodiac in one year. The transit of Sun begins in the month of April when Sun enters the sign of Aries. The period of Solar year is almost 360 days.
Yugas are specific time-periods separated on the basis of some special qualities. The complete cycle of time is divided into four yugas: Satyug, Dwapur, Treta, and Kalyug which is called Mahayug. One Mahayug is of 43.2 lakh years.
One Aeon (kalpa) is for 1000 Mahayugas which is equivalent to one day of lord Vishnu’s life.
Manvantara is the 14th part of one Kalpa Yuga.
Like tithis yogas are also created with the conjunction of Sun and Moon. Yogas are also 27 in number because they are created at the distance of 13 degree and 20 mins.
Each yoga has its own lord like the lord of Vishkumbh is Yum, Lord of priti is vishnu, Moon of Ayushman, Jupiter of Shobham, Arigana of Moon, Brahma of Sobhagya, Indra is the lord of Sukarma, Jal is the lord of Dhriti, Lord of Shool is Naag, Sun is the lord of Buddhi(intelligence), Vyaghat of Pavan, Bhag of harshan, Varuna is the lord of Varja, Ganesha of Siddhi, Rudra is the lord of Vyatipaat, Kuber of Variyaan, Vishwakarma is the lord of Paridh, Mitra is the lord of Shiva, Kartikay is the lord of Siddha, Savitri is the lord of Sadhya, Lakshmi is the lord of Shubh, Parvati is the lord of Shukla, Ashwini is the lord of Brahma, Pitra is the lord of Aendra and Dhriti is the lord of Vedhriti. All the yogas are influenced by their lords and the influence of these Yogas depends on the time-period.
Karanas are 11 in number. Karana is one half part of a tithi. A tithi is created on the distance of 12 degrees from Sun while a karana is created at the distance of six degrees. Just as there are two pakshas in one lunar month there are two karanas in one tithi. There are 30 tithis and 60 karanas in one lunar month.
Each karana has its lord: Indra is the lord of Bava, Brahma of Balav, Surya narayan is the lord of Kolava, Sun is the lord of Tetil, prithvi of Gara, Lakshmi is the goddess of Vanijaya, Yum of Vishthi, Kaliyug of Shakuni, Rudra of Chatushpada, Naag is the lord of Naag and Pavan is the lord of Kinsatudhan. All these karanas give the results of their lords and the influence of these karanas depends on the time.