To evaluate the strength or weakness of any thing, you need to have a reference or unit of measurement, the same way, the planetary strength or weakness is assessed through Shad Bala.
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Shad Bala refers to the 6 strengths of planets. Dig Bala is the second planetary strength among the six. Dig Bala literally means a directional strength, or strength by the virtue of direction.
According to Vedic Astrology, each planet is related to one or the other direction. If a planet is situated in a favorable direction, its Dig Bala will be stronger. If it is in a less favorable direction, its Dig Bala might be weaker.
Significance of Dig Bala:
Vedic Astrology says that Dig Bala plays an important role in determining the strength or weakness of a planet. If Dig Bala of a planet is high, the planet will be favorable for the natives in the areas of its influence. If Dig Bala of a planet is low, the planet might have negative impact on its related areas and a person may have to struggle to achieve success in those areas.
However, there are different opinions on the favorable or unfavorable state of planets as per their directions. Vedic Astrology says that Dig Bala measures the strength of a planet in according to its placement in a particular direction. A principle in Astrology states that a planet becomes stronger or weaker according to its placement in a particular direction.
Let’s explain it with reference to the placements of planets in different directions:-
If Sun is in the Eastern Direction, Saturn is in the West, Mercury is in North, Mars is in the South direction orJupiter is in North-East, Rahu is in South-West, Moon is in North-West and Venus is in North-East, each of them will have high directional strength.
Vedic Astrology says – each planet derives its Dig Bala from the central house of the Kundali. Sun and Mars are considered strong in the tenth house.If Jupiter or Mercury are in the Ascendant, or the first house they have high directional strength. Moon and Venus are strong in the fourth house, and Saturn in the seventh house.
The mathematical branch of vedic astrology details how to measure the directional strength of planets. It reveals that the directional strength of planets increases till a certain distance from the its center-point, and beyond that distance it becomes zero.
The maximum directional strength of a planet can be 60 virupas. When the planet travels beyond 180 degrees of its central point, then the value is deducted from 360 degrees so that the score is never higher than 60 virupas.
Thus there are two points, one for the maximum dig bala (60), and the opposite point for minimum digbala (0). The planetary strength depends on the planets position between these points.
Let’s us consider an example:
If Sun is in the South or the tenth house, it will be at 180 degree and its score will be 60 i. e. full points. Remember, you can deduce Dig Bala of a planet with the help of Mathematical Astrology. Below is the formula to find out the Dig Bala of a planet:-
DigBala Area = Planetary position – location of the weakest point. If there remains a difference of more than 180 degree, subtract it from degree 360.
An easier way to derive DigBala according to Mathematical Astrology is as follows :-
Suppose, Moon stands at 3 degrees in Taurus Sign and its Meridian Point is 17 degrees on Cancer, then you can find out Moon’s Dig Bala using the formula given below :-
DigBala = (97 degree- 33 degree) /3 =64/3 = Score 21.